United Soviet Socialist Republics
After the death of General Secretary Iosef Stalin in 1953, the Soviet Union entered a protracted series of convulsions as the leadership of the Communist Party passed from hand to hand during a brutal power struggle for control of the country. Ultimately, Vyacheslav Molotov emerged victorious in 1957. Though the losers in this contest, in particular the so-called New Bolsheviks under the leadership of Nikita Khruschev, expected to be liquidated in a mass purge and therefore prepared for a civil war, General Secretary Molotov instead caused the Premier, young Nikolai Rhyzkov, to issue rulings ending the single party state and reversing the long-held policy established by Lenin during the Revolution.
This was known as the Great Thaw, and in 1961 Rhyzkov proclaimed, “Communism is winning. The monied classes abroad quail. The revolution will continue. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is no longer afraid of reaction or counterrevolution. Now, the enemies of the revolution are not at home; they are abroad. Therefore, the rules instituted in the early days of our Union will no longer be necessary; we need not fear dissent on the left.” With this announcement, the Supreme Soviet passed a series of laws authorizing the formation of new parties.
Thus began the Plural period, and thus were founded the Left Opposition, the Trudoviks, and the Menshiviks. Alongside the central Communist Party, these represent the main political forces inside the USSR.
Rhyzkov has been an exemplary Premier, and has seen re-election in several subsequent Soviet election cycles. Though he lost power for a period between 1970 and 2001, but after the Kremlin Bombing on 9/17 in that year, Rhyzkov found re-election.
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